Surely you have to hear on many occasions the expressions like “I have to get fit” or “this athlete is not yet in shape” but what does it really mean to “be in shape”?
Traditionally it has been related to the concept of physical form and the different objectives: high sports performance and health.
- From the point of view of sports performance, direct that the physical form refers to the development of the components that are necessary to perform the most appropriate form for a specific sport. Each sport requires a maximum development of a series of capacities that guarantee the accomplishment of a specific task. In this way we can say that a certain athlete is in shape when he is very close to obtaining his best results in that sport. Now, we can say that only 7-8% of the population of our country practices competitive sport, therefore, what does it mean to be fit for 93% of the remaining population?
- If we orientate the physical form towards health we understand ourselves as the ability to perform with solvency, the “vigorous” or without fatigue, the daily activities or the day to day. This is related to a lower risk of developing chronic diseases, with better hope and quality of life. Currently this definition may seem confusing because our current lifestyle does not require much activity to perform our daily tasks. Nowadays we have a physical fitness level that guarantees the accomplishment of our daily tasks and is not supposed to be kept within acceptable budgets of health or well-being.
When we talk about physical form, we must be clear about what we are referring to, it must be something clear and objective. Taking into account the latter, we can understand by physical form as the state of development in which the different components that form it are found, that is, their levels of strength, resistance, flexibility, neuromotor capacities and body composition. All these components are they find related to each other and the improvement or the worsening of some of them inexorably affect the rest. All of them are equally important when planning the practice of physical activity for health.
Once this is explained, we can understand that “being in shape” implies having a minimum acceptable level of each and every one of these motor and morpho-functional components. Obviously, this minimum level will depend on age and sex.
Being fit means being within a healthy body weight, being acceptably resilient, strong, flexible, agile and coordinated.
Being critical of this approach, we could ask ourselves: Why should it be like this? Why should I look for this improvement of the “integral” physical form?
I think it is important to remember that modern man has not appeared as he is at the moment of history but rather it is the product of an evolution of something over 2 mill. of years. During all that time, that evolutionary process has designed an animal that fundamentally needs its physique to adapt to the environment. This will undoubtedly be the ultimate goal, the ultimate goal pursued by our physical form, the correct and effective adaptation to the environment that surrounds us. The best adapted animals are those that get food, shelter and offspring and these are the keys to the success that man has had as a species.
From our point of view, the maintenance and development of these motor skills will be the ultimate goal that should be pursued to improve fitness. Before we talked about the state of development of a series of components such as strength, endurance, flexibility, neuromotor capabilities and body composition. The equitable development of these components responds to this need to establish and improve these motor skills that are ours. Man is an animal designed to walk, run, jump, climb, throw, etc … and the goal that our physical form must pursue is precisely to adapt our body to the functions that are its own.
Therefore, to know if I am in good physical shape, I only have to perform a battery of approved tests in which the different conditioning factors of the physical form are measured through tests that involve these natural motor skills.
Our platform Fitcel is based on an initial evaluation of the physical condition through different evaluation protocols, all of them approved. With the results of these physical tests and questionnaires you will obtain an objective and quantifiable value of your current state or FITSCORE that is linked to a specific level of form: basic, medium or advanced.
If you want to know in an objective and reliable way what your fitness level is, you can do it through our platform. Ask for it at your sports center, personal trainer, medical center, school or company.